Web development can be defined as building, creating, and maintaining websites. Typically, web development involves a frontend, everything that interacts with the client, and a backend, which contains business logic and interacts with a database.
Python has become one of the popular programming languages for web development. Since it is easy to learn, abundant libraries make the language a favorite one for web developers.
And Python offers many web frameworks for the developers to work on.
Django and Flask are, by a wide margin, the most popular Python web development frameworks
Django is a Python web framework that offers an open-source, high-level framework that “encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.” It’s fast, secure, and scalable. Django offers strong community support and detailed documentation.
Django is incredibly flexible in which you can work with MVPs to larger companies. For some perspective, some of the largest companies that use Django are Instagram, Dropbox, Pinterest, and Spotify.
Flask is considered a microframework, which is a minimalistic web framework. It’s less “batteries-included,” meaning that it lacks a lot of features and functionality that full-stack frameworks like Django offer, such as a web template engine, account authorization, and authentication.
Flask is minimalistic and lightweight, meaning that you add extensions and libraries that you need as you code without automatically being provided with it by the framework.
Flask is also a prevalent and powerful web framework as it’s used by large companies like Netflix, Linkedin, and Uber.
Other notable frameworks: